Asthma attacks are caused by the inflammation of the airways. The airways are tubes where the air is transmitted to and from the lungs. People with asthma usually have inflamed airways, which means that the insides of the tubes become sore or swollen.
Inflammation is normally caused by an infection or as a common response by the body to injury. In other types of inflammation except with asthma, the affected area completely heals. That’s why recurrent attacks are common with asthmatics.
The best way to control the symptoms of asthma is getting rid of the common triggers. If airway inflammation is prevented and controlled, loss of lung function may also be avoided. But how do you get rid of the triggers?
The first step towards asthma management is in knowing the common triggers. The triggers or the usual suspects that encourage an asthma attack are different with every individual. Certain agents or ingredients may activate the signs of asthma. But again, it is different with every asthma patient.
Generally, the severity of an asthma attack depends on the triggers that activate the symptoms and how the lung reacts to them. There are many different kinds of triggers. Asthmatics may be sensitive to one or a number of them.
Allergens and Non-Allergens
The triggers are categorized into two: the allergens and the non-allergens. Allergens are specific agents or ingredients in which the patient is allergic to. Allergens may be something like pollen, dust mites, molds, pets, insect parts, foods, work-related agents, and additives.
Exposure to allergens may activate the signs of asthma in some people, especially those asthmatics who happen to have allergies. Researches show that about 80% of children with asthma also have allergies. There are also about 50% of asthmatic adults who also suffer from certain allergies.
Non-allergen triggers are also known as irritants. Irritants are mostly non-specific environmental risk factors that cause asthma attacks. Non-allergen triggers include viral infections in the respiratory caused by sinusitis and bronchitis; cigarette smoking; some medications; diesel fumes; weather changes; perfumes; paint; a condition known as GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disorder; emotional factors; hormonal factors; and exercise.
Yes, exercise is considered a non-allergen trigger for asthma. That does not mean, however, that asthmatics should not exercise. Exercise induced asthma is only prevalent when workouts are done around an unfriendly environment. If you have asthma, it does not mean that you should not exercise. It only means that you must avoid doing your workouts under extreme conditions such as cold and dry seasons.
That thing about asthma and exercise is a cause of common concern for people around the world. Whether or not exercise may help prevent asthma or cause it to worsen is not yet proven by any kind of study. Experts, however, believe that getting some physical activity involved in a person’s lifestyle could never be destructive. In fact, a significant lifestyle change may help alleviate asthma and some other medical conditions. What some scientist claim is that swimming is good for asthmatics. In the same regard, swimming and doing other workouts under extremely cold or dry condition may activate your signs of asthma.