Respiratory asthma is a long term disease that can be controlled and handled, but can never be cured. If you have asthma, your airways swell up, causing difficulty of breathing. An asthma attack occurs when the body’s airways are blocked with mucus and the muscles in the airway region constrict, thus making the airways narrow.
Signs of asthma include wheezing or what is often called asthma breathing, running out of breath, tightness in the chest, frequent coughing, rapid breathing, and an increase in heart rate or heartbeat.
Asthma cannot be totally eradicated; however, asthmatics can find treatment oasthma and its symptoms in order to prevent life-threatening complications.
One of the ways to treat asthma and its symptoms is to avoid factors that may trigger asthma. Triggers are factors that may precipitate an asthma attack. By avoiding exposure to and even trying to remove triggers, parents of children with asthma may help alleviate the signs of asthma and prevent asthmatics from having more asthma attacks.
Some common triggers of asthma include colds, flu, molds, grass, pollens, strenuous exercises, animal furs or dander, dust mites, detergents, strong fumes, bed sheets, diesel fuel fumes, tobacco smoke, and even climate change.
There are two types of medications in controlling asthma. One is called the Rescue or the Quick-Relief and the other is called the Controller Medicines. All asthmatics diagnosed with respiratory asthma should always have a rescue inhaler or asthma inhaler that is easily accessible, because it works very quickly to help ease breathing during asthma attacks.
Asthma inhalers should be used as directed by a physician. Carrying an asthma inhaler at all times will help prevent more severe asthma complications.
Controller medicines are important for many asthmatics because they work in two opposing ways. One is by reducing the inflammation of the airways and the other is by aiding in the relaxation of the muscles that constrict in the region of the airways. Controller medicines may prevent asthma attacks from worsening. Controller medications should be taken as directed by the physician at all times, even if you are feeling okay.
There is also what is called the Asthma Action Plan or the AAP. The AAP provides information to help you in case of an asthma attack. The AAP helps you know the medicines to take, how soon or often to take the medicines, the dosages to take, and when to go to the doctor or the hospital. Every asthmatic is advised to have an AAP.
For the parents of children with asthma, it is of great importance to reproduce copies of AAP for school nurses and other health care providers in the institution where your children spend most of their day.